The longest reigning Prime Minister in British history, Margaret Thatcher left a lasting legacy.

Steadfast in her belief that economic freedom and individual liberty are essentially interdependent, Thatcher sincerely believed that personal responsibility and hard work were the only way to National prosperity.

As part of her collective policies she opted during her 11 year reign as Prime Minister to expand the tax burden going against the advice of mainstream economists.

Anticipating that a slump would occur, many of Britain’s economists feared that her policies would lead to a recession in a Britain already marked by mass unemployment.

Thatcher also…

A Christian denomination ahead of its time, the Religious Society of Friends or ‘Quakers’ as they are better known cast a long shadow over U.S. society and the greater world at large.

Having survived vicious religious persecution in their native England, the Quakers managed to emigrate to the newly colonized middle Atlantic colonies where they came to introduce many now popular and widely emulated social reforms.

The Quakers introduced, among other things, prison reform for the poor explicitly seeking to positively improve sanitation, shelter and the general treatment of prisoners.

The Quakers also fundamentally believed in the equality of all…

A man whose influence often precedes his own reputation, Edmund Burke remains one of the most important shapers of modern conservatism.

Although more or less considered a “liberal conservative” in his day, Burke’s legacy still influences the modern right.

Key to his ideology were his views on property.

Property, according to Burke, was absolutely essential to human life.

Burke argued people want to be ruled and controlled and so the division of property remains the basis for social structure becoming a vital unit of control in our property based society.

The division of property, however, also kept the monarch in…

Mysteriously found with two gunshot wounds to the head in his own home in Carmichael, California, Gary Webb, one of the U.S.’s most assertive dissenting reporters was dead at 49.

Whether or not Webb did indeed kill himself still remains in question, however, Webb was likely in a difficult position in the face of the notoriety he acquired through his pioneering and highly controversial journalism.

Webb’s troubles began some eight years prior when his then employer, the San Jose Mercury News published a groundbreaking, three-part investigation called “Dark Alliance: The Story Behind the Crack Explosion”.

Webb essentially reported that the…

One of the most popular alcoholic drinks the world over, beer remains a timed-tested beverage of choice for those who desire to kick-back and relax.

This fact was well known to the ancients who managed to turn fermented fruit and grains into alcohol sparking a revolution that facilitated the development and maturity of human civilization.

But what made beer such a vital aspect in the development of modern civilization?

How did a product of fermented fruits and grains become one of the great lubricants of civilization?

The answer lie in human nature.

Human beings are by nature social creatures, however…

An enigmatic figure, Karl Marx and his legacy remain hotly controversial.

Today derided by many the world over, Marx’s ideas still prove potent over two hundred years after the the noteworthy philosopher-intellectual was born.

Marx’s reputation, many of his modern critics argue, has been severely damaged by the various ‘Marxist’ regimes across the world that have perpetuated atrocity after atrocity.

Indeed, the collapse of the Soviet Union and its satellites have greatly imperiled Marx’s political reputation.

Additionally, Communist China has become increasing capitalist over the decades allowing reforms that have enabled free enterprise to flourish signaling the end of Marx’s…

Charlie Chaplin and the Making of Modern Film

Charlie Chaplin, an actor so famous the world over he hardly needs an introduction, was also one of the major contributors to the development of modern film.

Chaplin had an aptitude for expressive acting clearly conveying his emotions and intentions in the days before sound was added to film.

His choice to focus on expressions and non-verbal communication later became a central part of modern film.

Many actors still hail Chaplin as an influence including such individuals as Gene Wilder and more recently Johnny Depp.

Born into an acting family, Chaplin dreamed…

The only American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, Eugene O’Neill remains one of the greatest American dramatists of all time.

His legacy rests upon a series of plays that successfully turned the stage into a literary medium.

By the highpoint of O’Neill’s career during the 1920’s the American stage successfully competed with American fiction, painting and music.

Imbuing his craft with his intensely personal sense of self derived from his fraught and tragic familial relationships, O’Neill produced works filled with a tragic sense of life framed as contemporary drama with roots in ancient Greek tragedy.

For approximately twenty…

Undergirding American economic policy in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the so-called American System contributed to the development of a sturdy American economy.

Tracing its ideas to the American School developed by Alexander Hamilton, the American System sought to establish a tariff to enhance American industry, a national bank to aid in the development of the economy and federal subsidies to establish interstate infrastructure and other improvements to aid in the development of domestic markets.

Chiefly supported by the influential American statesmen, Henry Clay, the American System was designed so as to clarify the role of the U.S. …

Beginning in 1848, a series of revolts broke out across Europe engulfing the continent in a power struggle for democratic representation.

Starting in Italy in January of that year, the movement quickly spread to France in February and then through the rest of Europe.

Although initially met with success, in many countries these insurrections met with incredible resistance from the more conservative elements of society and were ultimately defeated with a few key exceptions, namely France where the monarchy was toppled in favor of the Second Republic.

Elsewhere insurrectionaries were not so lucky in direct pursuit of their goals.

In…

Thomas O'Donoghue

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